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World Religion


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Time period/Founding date: Between (circa) 4000 and 2200 BCE. Hinduism was influenced by the “Aryans” (an Indo-European tribe).


Location where religion began: India.


Major prophets/figures: The major figure, in Hinduism is a triad – three persons placed as one God:


        Brahma – Creator, who constantly fashions new realities

        Vishnu – Otherwise known as Krishna the Preserver, whom maintains the newly generated realities

        Shiva – Destroyer of realities (although, at times, erotic and compassionate)


Major books of the religion/literature associated with it: There are a number of sacred texts involved in the Hindu religion; such include:


        The Mahabharata

        The Vedas (Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda, and Atharva Veda.)

        The Upanishades (a group of principal texts)

        The Ramayana

        The Brahmanas

        The Sutras

        The Puranas

        The Aranyakas


Four doctrines/beliefs/practices and their explanations:


        Caste System – Aryan society soon developed a structure known as the ‘caste system’, which ranked members of the community, in accordance to occupational class.


1.     Brahmins – Priests

2.     Kshatriyas – Soldiers, King-Warrior class

3.     Vaishyas – Merchants, Farmers, Sutras laborers, and Craftspeople

4.     Harijahsn – “Untouchables”: People who were thought to be descendants of an aboriginal people, called the Harappans, whom were poor and discriminated against


        Reincarnation – The belief that humans’ and animals’ spirits return to earth in different forms, numerous times.


        Polytheistic, Monotheistic, Pantheistic, Agnostic, or Atheistic


1.     Polytheistic: Hinduism can be considered Polytheistic because of the fact that there is the belief that there is more than one spirit (God) in the religion. [IE. – Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva]

2.     Monotheistic: Hinduism can be considered Monotheistic because of the fact that it is the belief of one god (although consisting of three deities).

3.     Pantheistic: Hinduism can be considered Pantheistic, as the three deities of Hinduism comprise the planets themselves.

4.     Agnostic: People can be unsure of whether or not God even exists.

5.     Atheistic: People can believe that there is /no/ God.


        Yoga – Exercise; physical, mental, and spiritual, which supports a person’s crossing to union with Brahma (God).



"Hindu Gods"