Time period/Founding date:
Between (circa) 4000 and 2200 BCE. Hinduism was influenced by the “Aryans” (an Indo-European tribe).
where religion began: India.
prophets/figures: The major figure, in Hinduism is
a triad – three persons placed as one God:
Brahma – Creator, who constantly fashions new realities
Vishnu – Otherwise known as Krishna the Preserver, whom maintains the newly generated realities
Shiva – Destroyer of realities (although, at times, erotic and compassionate)
books of the religion/literature associated with it: There
are a number of sacred texts involved in the Hindu religion; such include:
Vedas (Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda, and Atharva Veda.)
Upanishades (a group of principal texts)
doctrines/beliefs/practices and their explanations:
Caste System – Aryan society soon developed a structure known as the ‘caste system’, which ranked members of
the community, in accordance to occupational class.
1. Brahmins – Priests
2. Kshatriyas – Soldiers, King-Warrior class
3. Vaishyas – Merchants, Farmers, Sutras laborers, and Craftspeople
4. Harijahsn – “Untouchables”: People
who were thought to be descendants of an aboriginal people, called the Harappans, whom were poor and discriminated against
Reincarnation – The belief that humans’ and animals’ spirits return to earth in different forms, numerous times.
Polytheistic, Monotheistic, Pantheistic, Agnostic, or Atheistic –
1. Polytheistic: Hinduism can be considered Polytheistic
because of the fact that there is the belief that there is more than one spirit (God) in the religion. [IE. – Brahma,
Vishnu, and Shiva]
2. Monotheistic: Hinduism can be considered Monotheistic
because of the fact that it is the belief of one god (although consisting of three deities).
3. Pantheistic: Hinduism can be considered Pantheistic,
as the three deities of Hinduism comprise the planets themselves.
4. Agnostic: People can be unsure of whether or not God
5. Atheistic: People can believe that there is /no/ God.
Yoga – Exercise; physical, mental, and spiritual, which supports a person’s crossing to union with Brahma (God).